J Psychiatry Neurosci 2011;36(4):239-48
Paolo Fusar-Poli, MD, PhD; Nicolas Crossley, MD; James Woolley, MD; Francesco Carletti, MD; Rocio Perez-Iglesias, MD; Matthew Broome, MD, PhD; Louise Johns, MD; Paul Tabraham, MD; Elvira Bramon, MD, PhD; Philip McGuire, MD, PhD
Fusar-Poli, Crossley, Woolley, Carletti, Perez-Iglesias, Broome, Johns, Tabraham, Bramon, McGuire — Psychosis Clinical Academic Group, Institute of Psychiatry, King’s Health Partners, King’s College London, London, UK; Fusar-Poli — Department of Health Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy; Broome — Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK
Background: Psychosis onset is characterized by white matter and electrophysiologic abnormalities. The relation between these factors in the development of illness is almost unknown. We studied the relation between white matter volumes and P300 in prodromal psychosis.
Methods: We assessed white matter volume (detected using magnetic resonance imaging) and electrophysiologic response during an oddball task (P300) in healthy controls and individuals at high clinical risk for psychosis (with an “at-risk mental state” [ARMS]).
Results: We included 41 controls and 39 patients with an ARMS in our study. A psychotic disorder developed in 26% of the ARMS group within the follow-up period of 2 years. The P300 amplitude was significantly lower in the ARMS group than in the control group. The ARMS group showed reduced volume of white matter underlying the left superior temporal gyrus and the left superior frontal gyrus and increased volume of white matter underlying the right insula and the right angular gyrus compared with controls. Relative to individuals who did not later become psychotic, the subgroup in whom psychosis subsequently developed had a smaller volume of white matter underlying the left precuneus and the right middle temporal gyrus and increased volume in the white matter underlying the right middle frontal gyrus. We observed a significant interaction in the right middle frontal gyrus: white matter volume was negatively associated with P300 amplitude in the ARMS group and positively associated with P300 amplitude in the control group.
Limitations: The voxel-based morphometry method alone cannot determine whether abnormal white matter volumes are due to an altered number of axonal connections or decreased myelination.
Conclusion: P300 abnormalities precede the onset of psychosis and are directly related to white matter alterations, representing a correlate of an increased vulnerability to disease.
Submitted May 23, 2010; Revised Aug. 13, Oct. 19, 21, 2010; Accepted Oct. 22, 2010.
Competing interests: None declared.
Contributors: Dr. Fusar-Poli designed the study and wrote the article; all other authors reviewed the article. All authors acquired the data, which Drs. Fusar-Poli and Crossley analyzed. All authors approved publication of the article.
Correspondence to: Dr. P. Fusar-Poli, Psychosis Clinical Academic Group, Institute of Psychiatry, King’s Health Partners, King’s College London, London SE58AF UK; firstname.lastname@example.org